The Doctrine of Man

The Doctrine of Man

The doctrine of man would say that God did not need to create man, yet he created us for his own glory (Isaiah 43:7).

  • Man is made in God’s image, which means that man is like God and represents him (Genesis 1:26). The image of God in man is distorted but not lost in the fall (Genesis 9:6) and is restored through redemption in Christ (2 Corinthians 3:18).
  • Man is most like God in his moral, spiritual, mental, and relational aspects.
  • The creation of man as male and female shows God’s image in (1) harmonious interpersonal relationships, (2) equality in personhood and importance, and (3) difference in role and authority (Genesis 5:1-2).
  • Equality and differences in the Trinity are reflected in equality and differences in marriage (1 Corinthians 11:3) and are part of God’s original creation order. Although distorted by the fall, this creation order is reaffirmed by redemption in Christ (Colossians 3:18-19).
  • The essential nature of man includes two parts (physical and spiritual) = dichotomy with an emphasis on the overall unity of the two (2 Corinthians 7:1).

What Is Sin?

  • Sin is any failure to conform to the moral law of God in act, attitude, or nature.
  • God is never morally responsible for sin (Deuteronomy 32:4), but he ordained that sin would come into the world through the voluntary choices of moral creatures (Genesis 3:1-19).
  • Inherited guilt: We are counted guilty because of Adam’s sin. God righty imputed Adam’s guilt to us (Romans 5:12-21).
  • Inherited corruption: We have a sinful nature because of Adam’s sin (Psalms 51:1-5).
  • In our natures we lack any spiritual good before God (Romans 7:18) and are totally unable to do spiritual good before him in our actions (Romans 8:8).
  • All people are sinful before God and our ability does not limit our responsibility (Ephesians 2:1).
  • All people are equally guilty before God, in terms of legal guilt (Galatians 3:10), yet some sins have more harmful consequences in life and our relationship with God (John 19:11).
  • When Christians sin, our legal standing before God is unchanged but our fellowship with God is disrupted and our Christian life is damaged (Ephesians 4:30).
  • God punishes sin primarily because his righteousness demands it so that he might be glorified in the universe (Romans 3:26).
  • A covenant is an unchangeable, divinely imposed legal agreement between God and man that stipulates the conditions of their relationship (i.e., covenant of works, redemption, grace).

*Resources Added From Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology

Saved by Grace through Faith. In love with Jesus, His Glory, and obviously my beautiful wife Joelle, daughter Peyton, and son Matthew! Seeking Him in everything to glorify Him and spread the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Pastor at Austin Life Church.

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