The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Trinity. References to the Holy Spirit are numerous in the Bible. The Holy Spirit is coequal and coeternal with God the Father and God the Son in every divine attribute. Each works differently and occupies a different role with respect to the divine work of salvation.
Although referred to as a source by many, the Holy Spirit is a person. The Holy Spirit possesses all the divine attributes of God-attributes such as omnipresence (Psalm 139:7 – Where shall I go from your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from your presence?), omniscience (1 Corinthians 2:10-11 – These things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. For who knows a person’s thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God), omnipotence (Genesis 1:2 – The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters), and eternality (Hebrews 9:14 – How much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God).
The Holy Spirit is called God (Acts 5:3-4 – But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the proceeds of the land? While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your disposal? Why is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God.”) and acts on behalf of the Trinity by carrying out the will of the Father and the Son (John 14:26 – But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you).
The Holy Spirit empowers individuals by making possible our ongoing relationship with God, giving us a sense of victory in our Christian lives, revealing more and more of God’s attributes to us as we grow closer to God, and working in us and through us to help us become the people that God created us to be.
One of the best book recommendations I could give for this subject would be Forgotten God: Reversing Our Tragic Neglect Of The Holy Spirit by Francis Chan. You can get more information on this resource directly from their website www.forgottengod.com
Here are other Frequently Asked Questions and how the Bible answers them.